Die Open Working Group (OWG) hat einen Zwischenbericht zu ihrer bisherigen Arbeit veröffentlicht, welcher der Generalversammlung vorgelegt werden soll. Der Abschlussbericht der Open Working Group wird nach einigen weiteren Sitzungen zwischen Februar und September 2014 angefertigt.
Bisher wurden in der OWG folgende Themen besprochen:
- Conceptualising the sustainable development goals
- Poverty eradication
- Food security, nutrition, sustainable agriculture, desertification, land degradation and drought
- Water and sanitation
- Employment and decent work for all, social protection, youth, education
- Health, population dynamics
Des Weiteren haben das NGO-Bündnis Beyond2015, Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) und das International Forum of National NGO Platforms (IFP) einen Bericht veröffentlicht, in welchem Beratungen mit der Zivilgesellschaft in 39 Länder zur post-2015-Entwicklungsagenda zusammengefasst werden.
Auch CAFOD hat es sich zur Aufgabe gemacht, Stimmen von Menschen im Süden zur post-2015-Entwicklungsagenda zusammenzutragen. Dazu schreiben sie am 2. August 2013
Dear outreach team,
CAFOD is pleased to share our latest report Setting the post-2015 development compass: voices from the ground. Based on uniquely participatory research grounded in our partners’ work with people who are marginalised or living in poverty, it addresses key issues for the post-2015 policy discussion. The research involved 1,420 people in 56 communities across Bolivia, Philippines, Uganda and Zimbabwe.
If you happen to be in New York on 25 September, you are warmly invited to our side event ‘the voices of people living in poverty in the post-2015 agenda: inclusion, participation and dignity’ taking place from 10.30 am to 1.30 pm at UNICEF. For further information, please refer to the attached flyer.
COMPASS 2015, as part of the global Participate initiative, explores people’s experiences of poverty and exclusion over the last 15 years. It identifies the priorities, challenges and aspirations of poor and marginalised people. As the rate of global change accelerates, this report provides an updated understanding and fresh perspectives on experiences on the ground, and challenges assumptions about what policies work, and for whom.
The report found the wellbeing of many people living in poverty has worsened as a result of processes beyond their control. Poverty is deepening as a result of imbalanced economic and social systems, rather than communities being beyond the reach of development aid. The report shows that poverty is complex and controlled by myriad forces; the interconnectedness of the world through globalisation means the poorest and most marginalised face multiple pressures. Processes including environmental degradation, violent conflict, forced displacement, rapid changes in the prices paid to farmers, resource depletion, natural disasters, and political and economic crises, are impairing people’s ability to sustain dignified livelihoods.
Implications for the post-2015 development agenda include:
A post-2015 framework should challenge existing social and economic development processes and relations, recognising that for the poorest people they generate and perpetuate poverty.
Natural disasters and conflicts can wipe out the progress communities and households have achieved over many years. A post-2015 framework that prioritises conflict prevention, disaster and conflict risk reduction, and resilience, will favour global investment in these unattractive but important sectors.
Governments competing to achieve targets and demonstrate ‘effective’ use of resources target people who are cheaper and easier to reach, resulting in exclusion of very poor and marginalised people. A post-2015 framework should change MDG indicators to ensure that no progress can be made towards a target unless all relevant social and income groups met them. Accountability should be improved through active citizen participation.
It is the intersection of multiple factors that creates the worst situations of poverty and marginalisation. A post-2015 framework should highlight the need for a comprehensive and holistic approach to development issues beyond sectoral approaches.
Von Marie-Luise Abshagen